Homemade hog waterers can be easy to make. Hog waterers can be made of plastic, polyethylene, rubber or galvanized steel. They vary in size and capacity as well. Hog waterers are just as important as pig feeders.
Hogs need clean, fresh, free choice water. There are so many kinds and types of hog waterers, how do you choose which one is right for your backyard ranch? Use the answers to these questions to help:
Decide what role pigs are playing on your backyard ranch? Such as how many, what ages and how long will they stay on your ranch?
What sort of climate or environment will they be living in? Indoor or outdoor (hogs need shelter just as other animals), winter or summer type climate?
What type of water source is available to you? Do you have a pond or an outside hydrant? Automatic waterers are by far the best choice and can be heated to eliminate winter freezing issues.
Homemade Hog Waterers For All Pigs
You can make a homemade hog waterer any size. Also, there is a hog waterer made for pigs in every capacity that you can purchase, from baby pigs to finishing hogs. Piglets are made of over 75% water, while market hogs are around 50% water. Other things to consider are: sick pigs require more water than healthy, water intake increases with the crude protein increases in feeding the pigs and pigs drink more cool water than they do warm water.
It is generally accepted that:
Homemade hog waterers are a good way to use reclaimed barrels (These barrels can also make rain barrels).
Nursing piglets can consume a little less than a gallon per animal per day.
Grower or feeder pigs and non-pregnant gilts can consume almost 3 gallons per animal per day.
Finishing pigs for slaughter and boars can consume up to 5 gallons per animal per day.
Pregnant sows can consume 6 gallons per animal per day.
Lactating sows can consume up to 7 gallons per animal per day.
So with this information, you can decide how many animals you will need to water. With that, you can decide how much your hog waterer should be able to hold. Then you can make a homemade hog waterer or purchase a hog waterer. Plenty of fresh water is key.
On our backyard ranch, we had 4 finishing pigs for slaughter. We got them as feeder pigs in spring and took them to slaughter late summer. We made our own homemade hog waterer. We used a 50 gallon plastic barrel with a pressure waterer. In the spring, the barrel stayed about half full to sustain the pigs for a day or so. In the summer; however, we filled the barrel with clean cool water each day.
Homemade Hog Waterers And Climate
When you have pigs, if you will have primarily a winter climate, then you will need a heated hog waterer to keep the water from freezing solid. It is better to purchase one of these than it is to make one. Conversely, if you have primarily a summer climate, then you will need cool fresh water for your animals. Also, consider evaporation during the winter and summer climates.
The homemade hog waterer above is for climates that do not get too far below freezing.
If your pigs will be in a somewhat climate controlled area indoors, then all you really need to be concerned with regarding a hog waterer, is cool, clean, fresh water daily. Free choice or gravity fed waterers seem to work the best getting started.
Hog Water Source
As with any other animals, you should consider the water source that will be used. If you have free range pigs, maybe you are using a pond for water. Most likely it will be an outdoor hydrant that will fill a hog waterer of some type.
The hog waterer should be easy to access for the animals and for you. It should also be easy to clean and easy to fill. The waterer should also be stabilized so that the pigs can root around it and under it without it falling on them or spilling all the water out. On our homemade hog waterer above, we strapped it to the very sturdy fence using tarp straps, preventing it from falling over.